Geology and Mines

The Comoros archipelago is characterized by a very diverse geological environment from one island to another with a dominance of basaltic volcanic rocks. The soil and sub-surface resources are not well studied.

However, the basic geological studies conducted by Pars Kani Co. in 2009 showed a mining potential in the whole national territory (click here). This potentiality was highlighted following the identification and characterization of some useful mineral substances such as:

  • The sand olivines of Pidjani;
  • Pozzolan deposits identified on the whole national territory and more particularly on Ngazidja;
  • Lateritic deposit of bauxite at the East of Ongoni village in Anjouan;
  • Clay deposits;

From 2015 to 2017, other mining research studies conducted by the GBC on a site in the Itsandra region have highlighted mining indicators (click here).  

In the Union of Comoros, the sector is at an embryonic stage. However, this sector could constitute an important pillar for the socio-economic development of the country.

In order to promote this sector, the Comorian Government has entrusted the Geological Bureau of Comoros (GBC) with the mission to :

  • Contribute to the implementation of the mining policy through the elaboration and application of the legislative and regulatory framework of the mining sector;
  • Ensure the control and monitoring of the execution of research and exploitation activities as well as the collection of related data;
  • Identify promotional areas to be made available to potential investors